DOI Content in Citeproc JSON Format


How to represent DOI content in Citeproc JSON format?



Citeproc JSON is also called as CSL-JSON Schema, which uses JSON to store citation data for the Citation Style Language (CSL).

You can use the DOI Content Negotiation service provided by to represent the content of a given DOI in Citeproc JSON format.

The Citeproc JSON format is triggered by the "application/vnd.citationstyles.csl+json" MIME type as shown this HTTP request syntax:

GET{doi} HTTP/1.1
Accept: application/vnd.citationstyles.csl+json  

Here is an example of how to use the DOI Content Negotiation service to get the Citeproc JSON format of a given DOI:

fyicenter$ curl -H "Accept: application/vnd.citationstyles.csl+json" \

<html><head><title>Handle Redirect</title></head>
<a href=""></a>

Okay, is not serving this Content Negotiation request directly. It is redirecting you to to get the response.

You can add the -L option to let "curl" follow the redirected location. will return you the DOI content in Citeproc JSON format.

fyicenter$ curl -LH "Accept: application/vnd.citationstyles.csl+json" \

  "DOI": "10.1126/science.169.3946.635",
  "ISSN": [
  "URL": "",
  "alternative-id": [
  "author": [
      "affiliation": [
          "name": "University of Pittsburgh, Mellon Institute of Carnegie-Mellon University"
      "family": "Frank",
      "given": "Henry S.",
      "sequence": "first"
  "container-title": "Science",
  "container-title-short": "Science",
  "content-domain": {
    "crossmark-restriction": false,
    "domain": []
  "created": {
    "date-parts": [
    "date-time": "2006-10-05T12:56:56Z",
    "timestamp": 1160053016000

As you can see from the output, Citeproc JSON format provides you must more information than other representation formats.


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2022-10-06, 366👍, 0💬